An icon of a syringe.

Approximately 10% of people living with HIV in Ontario report exposure to HIV through injection drug use; more broadly, levels of substance use are elevated in people living with and at risk of HIV. While non-medicinal drug and heavy alcohol use can increase HIV and hepatitis C transmission and compromise treatment adherence, stigma and criminalization of drug use are also major barriers to effective care, and may lead to sub-standard HIV care for people who use drugs.

Ontario’s HIV/AIDS Strategy aims to improve the health and well-being of people who use drugs in Ontario and to reduce new HIV and Hepatitis C infections in this community. Research is a tool to achieve these goals. Harm reduction approaches and participatory research that engages people who use drugs, are key strategies for OHTN funded research in this area.

Key Facts and Research Findings

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