An icon of two female-presenting people.

About a quarter of the people living with HIV in Ontario are women, and women accounted for 25% of new cases of HIV in 2015. African, Caribbean and Black women, Indigenous women and transwomen are at the greatest risk, with about half of the women newly diagnosed each year being immigrants from places where HIV is endemic.
Ontario’s HIV/AIDS Strategy aims to improve the health and well-being of at-risk women in Ontario and to provide appropriate care to women who are HIV positive. Research is a tool to achieve these goals. Women are most frequently diagnosed with HIV between 30-34 years of age, a time period when they may be considering having children. Safe child-bearing has often been highlighted as an issue of concern for HIV-positive women, but research around social determinants of health, as well as women’s access to services and resources, including mental health services are also priorities – as well as prevention studies to reduce women’s risk due to drug use or sexual contact with high-risk partners.

Key Facts and Research Findings

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